Archive for the ‘Arctic’ Category

The Maritime Executive

Monday, May 25, 2020

Russia Tightens Control Over Northern Sea Route

The Kremlin has formulated new limitations for foreign warships transiting the Northern Sea Route (NSR), the Arctic route connecting the Kola Peninsula with the Bering Strait.

In a policy change first reported by Izvestia, the Russian government now intends to require foreign governments to provide 45 days of advance notice for warship voyages along the route.

In addition, it will need the name and rank of each vessel’s master, along with all ship’s particulars, and it specifies that each ship will take aboard a Russian pilot. The move follows several months after the French Navy conducted a transit of the NSR with the supply ship BSAH Rhône. 

For legal purposes, a warship on the high seas has complete immunity from the jurisdiction of any state other than its own. Within 12 nautical miles, however, warships are required to comply with all laws and rules of the coastal state when passing through the state’s territorial sea.

The extent of the coastal state’s control over military ships conducting “innocent passage” has been a matter of debate for decades. At various points, Iran, Vietnam, China, Taiwan and many others have instituted prior notification requirements for warships in specific areas.

The United States believes these restrictions are inconsistent with international law, and the U.S. Navy regularly contests them as part of its broader Freedom of Navigation Operations (FONOPS) program.

Russia and the United States were once on the same side of this debate. During the negotiations leading up to UNCLOS in the early 1980s, Soviet diplomats joined their American counterparts to block a clause that would have allowed prior notification requirements for warship transits.

For more, see https://www.maritime-executive.com/article/russia-tightens-control-over-northern-sea-route/

 

(TASS, 9 Dec 2019)

Northern Fleet to create air defense ‘dome’ over Russian Arctic with S-400 missile systems.

Russia continues building ramified military infrastructure in the Arctic, including hi-tech lighting systems to monitor the situation in the air, on the ground and under the water, according to the Fleet top brass.

MOSCOW, December 9. /TASS/. The Northern Fleet will arm all its Arctic battalions with S-400 anti-aircraft missile systems in coming years to create an air defense dome over the Russian Arctic, Fleet Commander Vice-Admiral Alexander Moiseyev said in an interview with the Defense Ministry’s Krasnaya Zvezda newspaper on Monday.

“This year, S-400 systems will enter service with the air defense missile regiment stationed on Novaya Zemlya. There are plans to arm all our Arctic battalions with these systems in coming years and thus create an air defense dome over the Russian Arctic,” the Fleet commander said.

Also, units of a new air defense formation have gone on experimental combat duty in Tiksi to provide security of the airspace over the Northern Sea Route, he added. (emphasis added)

“In the future, we are planning to build up the air defense capabilities of Russia’s northern frontiers,” the vice-admiral stressed.

To read entire article: https://tass.com/defense/1097107